Health » Appearance of depressive episodes: Appearance of depressive episodes among school-age children by economic situation

Appearance of depressive episodes during last 12 month among school-age (11, 13, 15 y. o.) children.

Age groups are formed on the basis of forms 5, 7 and 9. The majority of students of these forms are 11...12, 13...14 or 15...16 years old. However, the research must also include the students who are repeating the year. As a prerequisite, 90% of the students must be of ±6 months the mean age of their age group, the remaining 10% must not be over the mean age of more than 12 months. The specification into age groups of 11, 13 and 15 years is in a way conditional because the cleaned files include also 12, 14 and 16 year old students in a certain amount.

Economic situation – the basis for assessment is a conventional point score that is calculated on the basis of value of the family’s property provided by the child himself/herself (number of cars, computers, joint family holiday trips; does the child have his/her own room at home). The values of the score range from 0 to 9. The economic situation is bad: score 0-3; medium: score 4-5; good: score 6-9.

Unit: percent

Disaggregated by: academic year, depression, economic situation

Note: 2005/2006 academic year data is weighted. 2009/2010 academic year data is unweighted, but is representative.

Source: National Institute of Health Development, Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC)


Academic year
Economic situation Depression 2005/2006 2009/2010 2013/2014
Good Have not appeared 72,3 78,6 70,8
Good Have appeared 27,7 21,4 29,2
Average Have not appeared 65,7 74,1 27,4
Average Have appeared 34,3 25,9 27,6
Poor Have not appeared 62,5 69 66,4
Poor Have appeared 37,5 31 33,6